A3et

Alfonso VI of León and Castile Alfonse VI

Persondiagram

Partnere

Partner Fødselsdato Børn
Ximena Moniz Theresa, Countess of Portugal

Slægtskabsrapport

Navn Art Fødselssted Fødselsdato Dødssted Dødsdato
Partner
Ximena Moniz Kvindelig partner eller ægtehustru
Børn
Theresa, Countess of Portugal Datter 1080 1130
Oldebørn
Konge af Portugal Sancho I Oldesøn 1211
Tipoldebørn
Berengaria af Portugel Tipoldedatter 1195 1221
Tiptipoldebørn
Konge Christoffer I Tiptipoldesøn 1219 1259
Tip3-oldebørn
Erik Klippinge Tip3-oldesøn 1249 1286
Tip4-oldebørn
Konge Christoffer II Tip4-oldesøn 1276 Lolland 02.08.1332
Tip5-oldebørn
Erik Christoffersen Løvenbalk Tip5-oldersøn
Tip6-oldebørn
Johan Eriksen Tip6-oldesøn
Niels Eriksen Banner Tip6-oldesøn
Margrethe Eriksdatter Løvenbalk Tip6-oldedatter 1322 1350
Niels Eriksen Løvenbalk Tip6-oldesøn Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1331 Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1377
Fjern efterslægt
Anne Kaas 13th granddaughter
Anne Nielsdatter Banner 8th granddaughter Vinstrup 1475
Ellen Jensdatter 9th granddaughter
Ellen Pedersdatter Skram 9th granddaughter
Erik Jensen 9th grandson Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark
Gjertrud Jensdatter 9th grandson
Jens Lauridsen Løvenbalk 11th grandson 29.04.1538
Jørgen Lauridsen Løvenbalk 11th grandson Tjele Gods, Viborg, Danmark 1532
Knud Lauridsen Løvenbalk 11th grandson Tjele Gods, Viborg, Danmark 1529
Maren Jensdatter 9th granddaughter Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark
Maren Lauridsdatter Løvenbalk 11th granddaughter Tjele Gods, Viborg, Danmark
Margrethe Jensdatter 9th granddaughter
Mogens Lauridsen Løvenbalk 11th grandson 1536
Svend / Jens Rød 13th grandson
Jens Nielsen Løvenbalk 8th grandson Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1344 Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1438
Mogens Jensen Løvenbalk 9th grandson Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1400 Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1441
Laurids Mogensen Løvenbalk 10th grandson Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1454 Tjele Gods, Viborg, Danmark 1500
Jens Nielsen Kaas 10th grandson 1477 Taarupgaard 1519
Thøger Jensen Løvenbalk Broder Thøger 12th grandson Tjele Gods, Viborg, Danmark 1490 1542
Niels Jensen Kaas 11th grandson 1505 1534
Bjørn Kaas 12th grandson Staarup Hovedgaard 1518 Bygholm 26.03.1581
Peder Thøgersen Løvenbalk 13th grandson Viborg, Viborg, Danmark 1532 03.05.1595
Else Pedersdatter 14th granddaughter 1559 1591
Else Pedersdatter Løvenbalk 14th granddaughter Viborg, Viborg, Danmark 1559
Birthe Mouridsdatter 14th granddaughter 1565 1600
Børnebørn
Afonso I of Portugal Sønne-/dattersøn
Anne Joachimsdatter Flemming 10th granddaughter-in-law
Dronning Margrethe Sambria af Pommeren Tiptipoldesvigerdatter
Else Svendsdatter Udson 9th granddaughter-in-law
Erik Skram 11th grandson-in-law
Ukendt 8th granddaughter-in-law
Dulce Berenguer Af Barcelona og Aragonia Oldesvigerdatter 1192 1198
Anne Pedersdatter 12th granddaughter-in-law 1510
Jacob Jensen Holm 14th grandson-in-law Viborg, Viborg, Danmark 1543 Ålborg, Fleskum Herred, Ålborg, Danmark 29.04.1609

Notater

Alfonso VI (before June 1040 – June 29/July 1, 1109), nicknamed the Brave or the Valiant, was King of León from 1065 to 1109 and King of Castile from 1072 following the death of his brother Sancho II. In 1077 he proclaimed himself "Emperor of all Spain". Much romance has gathered around his name

Early life

As the second and favorite son of King Ferdinand I of León and Princess Sancha of León, Alfonso was allotted León, while Castile was given to his eldest brother Sancho, and Galicia to his youngest brother García. Sancho was assassinated in 1072. García was dethroned and imprisoned for life the following year.
In the cantar de gesta The Lay of the Cid, he plays the part attributed by medieval poets to the greatest kings, and to Charlemagne himself. He is alternately the oppressor and the victim of heroic and self-willed nobles — the idealized types of the patrons for whom the jongleurs and troubadours sang. He is the hero of a cantar de gesta which, like all but a very few of the early Spanish songs, like the cantar of Bernardo del Carpio and the Infantes of Lara, exists now only in the fragments incorporated in the chronicle of Alfonso the Wise or in ballad form.
His flight from the monastery of Sahagún (Safagún in Leonese language), where his brother Sancho endeavoured to imprison him, his chivalrous friendship for his host Almamun of Toledo, caballero aunque moro, "a knight although a Moor", the passionate loyalty of his vassal, Pero (Pedro) Ansúrez, and his brotherly love for his sister Urraca of Zamora, may owe something to the poet who took him as a hero.
They are the answer to the poet of the nobles who represented the king as having submitted to taking a degrading oath at the hands of Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (El Cid) to deny intervention in his brother's death in the church of Santa Gadea at Burgos, and as having then persecuted the brave man who defied him.
[edit]Strong fighter

When every allowance is made, Alfonso VI stands out as a strong man fighting as a king whose interest was law and order, and who was the leader of the nation in the reconquest. He impressed himself on the Arabs as a very fierce and astute enemy, but as a keeper of his word. A story of Muslim origin, which is probably no more historical than the oath of Santa Gadea, tells of how he allowed himself to be tricked by Ibn Ammar, the favourite of Al Mutamid, the King of Seville. They played chess for an extremely beautiful table and set of men, belonging to Ibn Ammar. Table and men were to go to the king if he won. If Ibn Ammar gained he was to name the stake. The latter did win and demanded that the Christian king should spare Seville. Alfonso kept his word.
Whatever truth may lie behind the romantic tales of Christian and Muslim, we know that Alfonso represented, in a remarkable way, the two great influences then shaping the character and civilization of Hispania.
At the instigation, it is said, of his wife Constance, he brought the Cluniac Order into Hispania, established them in Sahagun, chose a French Cluniac, Bernard, as the first Archbishop of Toledo, after the reconquest on May 25, 1085. He married his daughters, Urraca, Teresa and Elvira to French princes, and in every way forwarded the spread of French influence — then the greatest civilizing force in Europe. He also drew Hispania nearer to the Papacy. It was Alfonso's decision which established the Roman ritual in place of the old missal of Saint Isidore — the Mozarabic rite.
On the other hand he was very open to Arabic influence. He protected the Muslims among his subjects and struck coins with inscriptions in Arabic letters. He also admitted to his court and to his bed the refugee Muslim princess Zaida of Seville.
Alfonso was defeated on October 23, 1086, at the battle of Sagrajas, at the hands of Yusuf ibn Tashfin, and Abbad III al-Mu'tamid, and was severely wounded in the leg.
[edit]Marriages and children

Alfonso married at least five times and had two mistresses and a fiancée:
In 1067, two brothers from Iberia are said to have competed for the hand of Agatha, one of the daughters of William I of England and Matilda of Flanders and formerly fiancee of Harold Godwinson. Alfonso proved successful, and was betrothed to Agatha. A nun at the time, Agatha is said to have prayed for death rather than being forced to marry Alphonso, and she died before the marriage could take place.
In 1069, Alfonso married Agnes of Aquitaine, daughter of William VIII of Aquitaine and his second wife Mateoda. They last appear together in May 1077, and then Alfonso appears alone. This suggests that she had died, although Orderic Vitalis reports that in 1109 Alfonso's 'relict' Agnes remarried to Elias I of Maine, leading some to speculate that Alfonso and Agnes had divorced due to consanguinity. It seems more likely that Orderic gave the wrong name to Alfonso's widow, Beatrice. Agnes and Alfonso had no children.
Apparently between his first and second marriages he formed a liaison with Jimena Muñoz, a "most noble" (nobilissima) concubine "derived from royalty" (real generacion). She appears to have been put aside, given land in Ulver, at the time of Alfonso's remarriage. By her Alfonso had two illegitimate daughters, Elvira and Teresa.
His second wife, who he married by May 1080, was Constance of Burgundy, daughter of Robert I, Duke of Burgundy. This marriage initially faced papal opposition, apparently due to her kinship with Agnes. Her reign as queen brought significant Cluniac influences into the kingdom. She died in September or October, 1093, the mother of Alfonso's eldest legitimate daughter Urraca, and of five other children who died in infancy.
Either late in Constance's reign or shortly after her death, Alfonso formed a liaison with a second mistress, Zaida of Seville, said by Iberian Muslim sources to be daughter-in-law of Al Mutamid, the Muslim King of Seville. She fled the fall of Seville for Alfonso's kingdom in 1091, and soon became his lover, having by him Alfonso's only son, Sancho, who, though illegitimate was apparently not born of an adulterous relationship, and hence born after the death of Constance. He would be named his father's heir. Several modern sources have suggested that Zaida, baptised under the name of Isabel, is identical with Alfonso's later wife, queen Isabel (or that she was a second queen Isabel who he married in succession to the first). Zaida/Isabel died in childbirth, but the date is unknown, and it is unclear whether the child being delivered was Sancho, an additional illegitimate child, otherwise unknown, or legitimate daughter Elvira (if Zaida was identical to Queen Isabel).
By April 1095, Alfonso married Bertha. Chroniclers report her as being from Tuscany, Lombardy, or alternatively, say she was French. Several theories have been put forward regarding her origin. Based on political considerations, proposals make her daughter of William I, Count of Burgundy or of Amadeus II of Savoy. She had no children and died in late 1099 (Alfonso first appears without her in mid-January 1100).
Within months, by May 1100, Alfonso again remarried, to Isabel, having by her two daughters, Sancha, (wife of Rodrigo González de Lara), and Elvira, (who married Roger II of Sicily). A non-contemporary tomb inscription says she was daughter of a "king Louis of France", but this is chronologically impossible. It has been speculated that she was of Burgundian origin, but others conclude that Alfonso married his former mistress, Zaida, who had been baptized as Isabel. (In a novel twist, Reilly suggested that there were two successive queens named Isabel: first the French (Burgundian) Isabel, mother of Sancha and Elvira, with Alfonso only later marrying his mistress Zaida (Isabel), after the death of or divorce from the first Isabel.) Alfonso was again widowed in mid-1107.
By May 1108, Alfonso married his last wife, Beatrice. She, as widow of Alfonso, is said to have returned home to France, but nothing else is known of her origin unless she is the woman Orderic named as "Agnes, daughter of William, Duke of Poitou", who as relict of Alfonso, (Agnetem, filiam Guillelmi, Pictavorum ducis, relictam Hildefonsi senioris, Galliciae regis), remarried to Elias of Maine. If this is the case, she is likely daughter of William IX of Aquitaine and niece of Alfonso's first wife. Beatrice had no children by Alfonso.
Alfonso's designated successor, his son Sancho, was slain after being routed at the Battle of Uclés in 1108, making Alfonso's eldest legitimate daughter, the widowed Urraca as his heir. In order to strengthen her position as his successor, Alfonso began negotiations for her to marry her second cousin, Alfonso I of Aragon and Navarre, but died before the marriage could take place, Urraca succeeding.

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Billeder

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Historie

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