A3et

Rollo af Normandiet

Persondiagram

Personbegivenheder

Begivenhedstype Dato Sted Beskrivelse
Fødsel 846 Fakse
Bopæl St. Quentin
Død 931 Rouen, Fankrig

Slægtskabsrapport

Navn Art Fødselssted Fødselsdato Dødssted Dødsdato
Partner
Poppa of Bayeaux Kvindelig partner eller ægtehustru
Gisela af Frankrig Kvindelig partner eller ægtehustru 911
Børn
Adele of Normandy Datter
William I Longsword Søn 893 942
Oldebørn
Emma Oldedatter
Mauger Oldesøn
Richard II Oldesøn
Robert Oldesøn
Emma af Normandiet Oldedatter 985 6.3.1052
Dulce Berenguer Af Barcelona og Aragonia Oldedatter 1192 1198
Tipoldebørn
Ælfred Ætheling Tipoldesøn
Edward the Confessor Tipoldesøn
Goda of England - Godgifu Tipoldedatter
Gunhilda of Denmark Tipoldedatter
Richard III Tipoldesøn
Robert The Magnificient Tipoldesøn
Knud III Hardeknud Tipoldesøn 1018 8.6.1042
Berengaria af Portugel Tipoldedatter 1195 1221
Tiptipoldebørn
Adeliza Tiptipoldedatter
Wiliam The Conqueror Tiptipoldesøn 1028 1087
Konge Christoffer I Tiptipoldesøn 1219 1259
Tip3-oldebørn
Adela Tip3-oldedatter
Henry I Beauclerc Tip3-oldesøn
Robert II Tip3-oldesøn
Wiliam II Rufus Tip3-oldesøn
Erik Klippinge Tip3-oldesøn 1249 1286
Tip4-oldebørn
Konge Christoffer II Tip4-oldesøn 1276 Lolland 02.08.1332
Tip5-oldebørn
Erik Christoffersen Løvenbalk Tip5-oldersøn
Tip6-oldebørn
Johan Eriksen Tip6-oldesøn
Niels Eriksen Banner Tip6-oldesøn
Margrethe Eriksdatter Løvenbalk Tip6-oldedatter 1322 1350
Niels Eriksen Løvenbalk Tip6-oldesøn Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1331 Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1377
Fjern efterslægt
Anne Kaas 13th granddaughter
Anne Nielsdatter Banner 8th granddaughter Vinstrup 1475
Ellen Jensdatter 9th granddaughter
Ellen Pedersdatter Skram 9th granddaughter
Erik Jensen 9th grandson Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark
Gjertrud Jensdatter 9th grandson
Jens Lauridsen Løvenbalk 11th grandson 29.04.1538
Jørgen Lauridsen Løvenbalk 11th grandson Tjele Gods, Viborg, Danmark 1532
Knud Lauridsen Løvenbalk 11th grandson Tjele Gods, Viborg, Danmark 1529
Maren Jensdatter 9th granddaughter Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark
Maren Lauridsdatter Løvenbalk 11th granddaughter Tjele Gods, Viborg, Danmark
Margrethe Jensdatter 9th granddaughter
Mogens Lauridsen Løvenbalk 11th grandson 1536
Svend / Jens Rød 13th grandson
Jens Nielsen Løvenbalk 8th grandson Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1344 Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1438
Mogens Jensen Løvenbalk 9th grandson Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1400 Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1441
Laurids Mogensen Løvenbalk 10th grandson Aunsbjerg Herregård Sjørslev, Aunsbjerg, Viborg, Danmark 1454 Tjele Gods, Viborg, Danmark 1500
Jens Nielsen Kaas 10th grandson 1477 Taarupgaard 1519
Thøger Jensen Løvenbalk Broder Thøger 12th grandson Tjele Gods, Viborg, Danmark 1490 1542
Niels Jensen Kaas 11th grandson 1505 1534
Bjørn Kaas 12th grandson Staarup Hovedgaard 1518 Bygholm 26.03.1581
Peder Thøgersen Løvenbalk 13th grandson Viborg, Viborg, Danmark 1532 03.05.1595
Else Pedersdatter 14th granddaughter 1559 1591
Else Pedersdatter Løvenbalk 14th granddaughter Viborg, Viborg, Danmark 1559
Birthe Mouridsdatter 14th granddaughter 1565 1600
Børnebørn
Anne Joachimsdatter Flemming 10th granddaughter-in-law
Dronning Margrethe Sambria af Pommeren Tiptipoldesvigerdatter
Else Svendsdatter Udson 9th granddaughter-in-law
Erik Skram 11th grandson-in-law
Konge af Portugal Sancho I Oldesvigersøn 1211
Richard I of Normandie Sønne-/dattersøn
Ukendt 8th granddaughter-in-law
Adelaide of Poitiers Sønne-/datterdatter 945 1004
Anne Pedersdatter 12th granddaughter-in-law 1510
Jacob Jensen Holm 14th grandson-in-law Viborg, Viborg, Danmark 1543 Ålborg, Fleskum Herred, Ålborg, Danmark 29.04.1609

Notater

Rollo (c. 860 – c. 932), baptised Robert, was the founder and first ruler of the Viking principality in what soon became known as Normandy.
The name Rollo iHistorical evidence

Rollo was a Viking leader of contested origin. Dudo of St. Quentin, in his De moribus et actis primorum Normannorum ducum (Latin), tells of a powerful Danish nobleman at loggerheads with the king of Denmark, who then died and left his two sons, Gurim and Rollo, leaving Rollo to be expelled and Gurim killed. William of Jumièges also mentions Rollo's prehistory in his Gesta Normannorum Ducum however he states that he was from the Danish town of Fakse. Wace, writing some 300 years after the event in his Roman de Rou, also mentions the two brothers (as Rou and Garin), as does the Orkneyinga Saga.


Latin Wikisource has original text related to this article:
De moribus et actis primorum Normannorum ducum
Norwegian and Icelandic historians identified this Rollo with a son of Rognvald Eysteinsson, Earl of Møre, in Western Norway, based on medieval Norwegian and Icelandic sagas that mention a Ganger Hrolf (Hrolf, the Walker). The oldest source of this version is the Latin Historia Norvegiae, written in Norway at the end of the 12th century. This Hrolf fell foul of the Norwegian king Harald Fairhair, and became a Jarl in Normandy. The nickname of that character came from being so big that no horse could carry him.
The question of Rollo's Danish or Norwegian origins was a matter of heated dispute between Norwegian and Danish historians of the 19th and early 20th century, particularly in the run-up to Normandy's 1000-year-anniversary in 1911. Today, historians still disagree on this question, but most would now agree that a certain conclusion can never be reached.

Statue of Rollo in Rouen
In 885, Rollo was one of the lesser leaders of the Viking fleet which besieged Paris under Sigfred. Legend has it that an emissary was sent by the king to find the chieftain and negotiate terms. When he asked for this information, the Vikings replied that they were all chieftains in their own right. In 886, when Sigfred retreated in return for tribute, Rollo stayed behind and was eventually bought off and sent to harry Burgundy.
Later, he returned to the Seine with his followers (known as Danes, or Norsemen). He invaded the area of northern France now known as Normandy.

In 911 Rollo's forces were defeated at the Battle of Chartres by the troops of King Charles the Simple.[1] In the aftermath of the battle, rather than pay Rollo to leave, as was customary, Charles the Simple understood that he could no longer hold back their onslaught, and decided to give Rollo the coastal lands they occupied under the condition that he defend against other raiding Vikings. In the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte (911) with King Charles, Rollo pledged feudal allegiance to the king, changed his name to the Frankish version, and converted to Christianity, probably with the baptismal name Robert.[2] In return, King Charles granted Rollo the lower Seine area (today's upper Normandy) and the titular rulership of Normandy, centred around the city of Rouen. There exists some argument among historians as to whether Rollo was a "duke" (dux) or whether his position was equivalent to that of a "count" under Charlemagne. According to legend, when required to kiss the foot of King Charles, as a condition of the treaty, he refused to perform so great a humiliation, and when Charles extended his foot to Rollo, Rollo ordered one of his warriors to do so in his place. His warrior then lifted Charles' foot up to his mouth causing him to fall to the ground.

Initially, Rollo stayed true to his word of defending the shores of the Seine river in accordance to the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, but in time he and his followers had very different ideas. Rollo began to divide the land between the Epte and Risle rivers among his chieftains and settled there with a de facto capital in Rouen. With these settlements, Rollo began to further raid other Frankish lands, now from the security of a settled homeland, rather than a mobile fleet. Eventually, however, Rollo's men intermarried with the local women, and became more settled as Frenchmen. At the time of his death, Rollo's expansion of his territory had extended as far west as the Vire River.

Rollo's grave at the cathedral of Rouen
Sometime around 927, Rollo passed the fief in Normandy to his son, William Longsword. Rollo may have lived for a few years after that, but certainly died before 933. According to the historian Adhemar, 'As Rollo's death drew near, he went mad and had a hundred Christian prisoners beheaded in front of him in honour of the gods whom he had worshipped, and in the end distributed a hundred pounds of gold around the churches in honour of the true God in whose name he had accepted baptism.' Even though Rollo had converted to Christianity, some of his pagan roots surfaced at the end.

Rollo is a direct ancestor of William the Conqueror. Through William, he is a direct ancestor and predecessor of the present-day British royal family.
The "Clameur de Haro" in the Channel Islands is, supposedly, an appeal to Rollo.s a Frankish-Latin name probably taken from the Old Norse name Hrólfr (cf. the latinization of Hrólfr into the similar Roluo in the Gesta Danorum, modern Scandinavian name Rolf).

Medier

Billeder

Rollo

270px-Rollo_statue_in_falaise.JPG

Rollo_Rouen.jpg

Historie

Dato Alder Begivenhed Kategori
CA 850 4.0 Opfindelsen af krudtet Teknologi
11 Sep 910 64.2 Grundlæggelsen af klostret Cluny Frankrig
922 76.0 Begyndelsen på Córdoba-kalifatet Spanien