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Grimoald

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Forældre

Fader Fødselsdato Moder Fødselsdato
Teudebald

Partnere

Partner Fødselsdato Børn
Itta

Personbegivenheder

Begivenhedstype Dato Sted Beskrivelse
Fødsel 616
Død 656

Slægtskabsrapport

Navn Art Fødselssted Fødselsdato Dødssted Dødsdato
Børn
Itta Datter 592 652
Forældre
Teudebald Fader 555
Oldebørn
Pipin of Herstal Oldesøn 635 16.12.0714
Tipoldebørn
Karl Martell Tipoldesøn Herstal, Belgien 714 Quierzy-sur-Oise 741
Tiptipoldebørn
Pipin III Den yngre Tiptipoldesøn Jupille 714 Paris, Frankrig 768
Tip3-oldebørn
Karl den Store Carlemange Tip3-oldesøn 724 814
Tip4-oldebørn
Konge Ludvig I Den Fromme Tip4-oldesøn 778 840
Tip5-oldebørn
Karl II Den Skallede Tip5-oldersøn 823 877
Tip6-oldebørn
Ludvig II Den Stammende Tip6-oldesøn 846 879
Fjern efterslægt
Adele of Normandy 11th granddaughter
Karl Charles III 8th grandson 879 929
Gisela af Frankrig 10th granddaughter 911
Ludvig IV 9th grandson 10.09.0920 30.09.0954
Mathilde af Frankrig 10th granddaughter 943 981
Adelaide of Poitiers 12th granddaughter 945 1004
Dulce Berenguer Af Barcelona og Aragonia 13th granddaughter 1192 1198
Berengaria af Portugel 14th granddaughter 1195 1221
Bedsteforældre
Ukendt Bedstefader
Oldeforældre
Teuderich iI Oldefader 534
Tipoldeforældre
Konge Clodewig I Tipoldefader Tournai 466 Paris 511
Tiptipoldeforældre
Bassina af Thüringen Tiptipoldemoder 400 438
Childerik I Tiptipoldefader 437 481
Børnebørn
Konge af Portugal Sancho I 13th grandson-in-law 1211
Begga Sønne-/datterdatter 615 Ardenne 17.12.0693

Notater

Grimoald I (c. 610 - 671) was duke of Benevento (651-662) and king of the Lombards (662-671).
Born probably before 610 to Duke Gisulf II of Friuli and the Bavarian princess Ramhilde, daughter of Duke Garibald I of Bavaria, he succeeded his brother Radoald (646-651) as duke of Benevento. Before that, he was, along with Radoald, a regent for their mentally incapable adoptive brother Aiulf I from 642 to Radoald's succession. He married the princess Theodota, daughter of King Aripert I. Their son was Garibald.
In 662, after being called to assist King Godepert in a war with his brother King Perctarit, Grimoald gave Benevento to his eldest son Romuald (662-677) and, removing the fraternal impediments to his kingship with the aid of Duke Garibald of Turin, assassinated Godepert and forced Perctarit to flee. He sent Perctarit's wife and son to Benevento and took over the kingship of the Lombards. It was then that he promptly married Godepert's sister in order to relate himself to the Bavarian Dynasty of Theodelinda.
His martial prowess and skill in the field of battle secured his victory in many border wars. He led his armies to victory personally against the Byzantines under Emperor Constans II at the siege of Benevento, where they had been besieging the young Romuald, who betrothed his sister Gisa to Constans. Romuald then took Taranto and Brindisi, much limiting the Byzantine influence in the region during the rebellion of Mezecius in Sicily, which had distracted the Byzantines after Constans death. Grimoald himself took Forlì, in the north, from the Greeks and razed Oderzo (but did not take it), where his brothers had been murdered years before. His capture of Forlì was shameful, however, for he took it on Easter Day, slaughtering worshippers during the festivities.
While he was combatting the Byzantines in the Mezzogiorno, he left Duke Lupus of Friuli as regent in the north. Lupus usurped all authority and rebelled, though he was crushed and with the help of the Avars his duchy despoiled and devastated. Grimoald tracked down Lupus' aspiring son Arnefrit, and his Slav allies, and defeated him at Nimis. Arnefrit died in battle. Grimoald placed Wechthari, a stalwart enemy of the Slavs, in Friuli.
Grimoald defeated the Franks who invaded during the infancy of Chlothar III. Grimoald had allied with Perctarit, at Asti and the Avars, of whom he had been a hostage in his youth. He saved the northeast of Italy by defeating the Slav tribes and maintained internal order by suppressing the baronial revolts and autonomy of the duchies of Friuli and of Spoleto, where he installed Thrasimund.
In his religion he remained Arian despite his marriage to a Catholic and he was aloof of the Papacy. However, he perceived Saint Michael — whose cult was spreading strongly from Monte Gargano— as the warrior-protector of the Lombard nation.
He died in 671 after concluding a treaty with the Franks and was succeeded by Perctarit, whom he had exiled. He was a popular ruler, known as much for the kingly virtues of generosity and mercy as for his ferocity and ruthlessness in war. His son Romuald was left in Benevento, which once again drifted away from central authority, and his son Garibald was not elected to succeed him on account of his youth and was deposed by the adherents of Perctarit's cause in three months time.

The leading Mayor of the Palace of the time, Grimoald, kidnapped Dagobert as soon as his father died and managed to persuade the court first that Dagobert was dead, and second that Clovis had wanted Grimoald's son to inherit the throne. So convincing was he that even Dagobert's mother believed him.

However, Grimoald had been unable to bring himself to murder Dagobert and had taken him to the Bishop of Poitiers, who had the child King exiled to Ireland. Here he grew up and was educated at the monastery of Slane near Dublin. He married a Celtic princess, Mathilde, and moved to York in northern England, where he got to know Saint Wilfred, the Bishop of York. At this time, the Merovingian alliance with the Roman Church was not as strong as it had been at the time of Clovis.

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